Old-Fashioned Chivalrous Romance 101 – A Guide
One of the main focuses here at The Silver Petticoat Review is old-fashioned chivalrous romance in entertainment. But what do we mean by chivalrous romance in a modern world? In this guide, we’ll take you step-by-step through definitions and detailed checklists to answer that question.
In short, we describe old-fashioned chivalrous romance as a style using chivalry and classic romance tropes to tell a love story.
In short, we describe old-fashioned chivalrous romance as a style using chivalry and classic romance tropes to tell a love story. Whether in books, film, TV, or even theater, the storyteller uses old-fashioned techniques (or is, in fact, an “old” classic like an Austen novel) to showcase a swoony romance.
We believe it’s these chivalric and old-fashioned romance tropes that make many love stories incredibly popular! Whether it’s Mr. Darcy’s love confessions, Mr. Thornton willing Margaret to “look back” at him as she leaves him behind, Johnny pulling Baby up to the stage to dance with him in front of everyone, or even Jack giving Rose the world’s most epic kiss on the Titanic.
We remember these moments. We love these moments. And we even watch them on repeat!
We also believe it’s the lack of these classic romance tropes in many stories today that has hurt the popularity of romance in the entertainment industry. (Romance in the publishing industry, on the other hand, is thriving.) Old-fashioned chivalrous romance is something many of us love – but don’t even have a definition for. So, we’ve decided to put this guide out there to fill the void.
We need a significant romance resurgence in entertainment right now. And while romance novels are still prevalent, the number of romance productions in film and television is much less. Although, as of 2018, it has finally started growing again.
Okay, so, let’s get started!
Below, we include some background information, a detailed checklist for old-fashioned chivalrous romance in entertainment, as well as a list of what it isn’t. Beyond that, we include some examples to get you started in the storytelling world of chivalrous love. And then answer a couple of questions for clarification.
(There was inevitably some crossover with our Modern Romanticism 101 Guide.)
RELATED The Appeal of the Old-Fashioned Romance
What does old-fashioned mean?
Before moving on to the checklist, we want to dive into some background information to clarify the old-fashioned chivalrous romance style! So, first, we need to know the definition of old-fashioned.
Let’s take a look.
According to the English Oxford Dictionary:
In or according to styles or types no longer current or common; not modern.
According to Dictionary.com:
Having the…tastes of earlier times
And according to Merriam-Webster:
Of, relating to, or characteristic of a past era
If we take all of these definitions and combine them, we end up with: styles, tastes, and characteristics of a past era. Thus, old-fashioned romance is either “of” the past or influenced by it.
As a contemporary example, if you take some of these characteristics and classic romance tropes and insert them into a modern story, you have old-fashioned romance! The perfect example? Kate and Leopold. The film literally brings a man with the styles, tastes, and characteristics of a past time (because he’s from the past) into the present day.
Now we know sometimes old-fashioned has negative connotations. People think “stuffy,” “outdated,” “boring.” But really, what’s boring about Mr. Darcy? Rather, what we mean by old-fashioned romance is that a story uses classic romance tropes to tell a love story rather than focusing on overly modern trends that often lead to anti-romances masquerading as romances.
Not to mention this horrid trend of the anti-HEA (happily ever after) to be “original” and “trendy.” Just NO! If you don’t like romance, don’t write a romance!
What does chivalrous mean?
Now let’s examine the definition and origin of “chivalrous” and “chivalry.” The English Oxford Dictionary defines chivalry as:
The medieval knightly system with its religious, moral, and social code.
So, in the context of a romantic style, chivalry can be seen as behavior relating to a code of conduct. The sub-definitions of chivalry go further:
The combination of qualities expected of an ideal knight, namely courage, honour, courtesy, justice, and a readiness to help the weak.
Courteous behaviour, especially that of a man towards women.
Finally, it’s essential to explore the origins. As explained by The English Oxford Dictionary, the origin of the word chivalry and chivalrous dates back to “Late Middle English (in the sense ‘characteristic of a medieval knight’): from Old French chevalerous, from chevalier.”
The Roots of Chivalrous Romance
Many may not know that romance, as we understand it today, is owed in large part to the chivalric knights of the medieval age and the troubadours.
Arguably, one of the first “romance novels” wasn’t technically a novel but a legend that was eventually written down. The famous love story of Tristan and Isolde; an influential romance originating from the 12th century, telling the tragic star-crossed love story between the knight Tristan and the Irish princess, Isolde. It was this story and the courtly love between Knights and Ladies, as well as the poems of the troubadours (French Medieval Lyric Poets), that influenced the future of romance in entertainment and life.
As Joseph Campbell explains, troubadours were “the first ones in the West that really considered love in the sense that we think of it now, as a person-to-person relationship.”
So, how can we appreciate romance today without understanding and appreciating where it came from? One of the most successful qualities of great romances includes chivalrous behavior from men and women.
One Main Romance Influence = Jane Austen and the Domestic Revolution
Some of the other major influences of the contemporary, old-fashioned chivalrous romance style include classic fairy tales, folklore, Jane Austen, the Brontë sisters, other classic romances, classic movies, and even romantic period dramas. But when we think about the primary influence, it comes down to Jane Austen – who was the one to revolutionize romance.
According to Princeton Professor April Alliston in the documentary Love Between the Covers, Jane Austen, “domesticated romance.” In the same documentary, Sarah Lyons of The Popular Romance Project said:
One of the things that she did, was the first woman to do, was argue that men need to deserve their companion just as much as women need to deserve their companion. And so Elizabeth has to change, absolutely, she has to lose her prejudice towards Darcy. But, it’s called Pride and Prejudice and Darcy needs to change too. And I think that that is one of the things that Austen did before anyone else. And she made it almost a requirement because her books became the structural foundation of the domestic novels. It moved through the 19th and 20th century because she became the icon…of domestic novels and the marriage plot.
During the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century, people began marrying for love more often, which would have influenced Jane Austen and her ideas of equality and love. And it’s Jane Austen who influences all romance in stories today.
But with today’s focus on hookup culture, casual dating, porn, and other emotionless ways of romancing in stories, we run the risk of returning to the days of romance without love in both entertainment and life.
So, like Jane Austen, we want to participate in a new Romantic Revolution, one that uses elements of old-fashioned romance and chivalry for a modern world. Love stories (in all genres) of equality with love, emotion, service, and chivalry. And with less explicit content.
With this style, we’re promoting the idea that love and romance in stories should not only exist (romance is not anti-feminist, as some argue), but they should also be EMOTIONAL and about human connection. To do that, we believe there need to be more chivalrous romances out there. By focusing on classic romance and chivalrous tropes, love stories will have a universal appeal, which will help the romance resurgence grow!
We’re not saying there shouldn’t be other romance styles, just that we should welcome the variety!
Old-Fashioned Chivalrous Romance Checklist – As Defined By Us:
Every love story does not have to include every one of these elements, but it should consist of some of these checkpoints.
- Focus on soul connection rather than shallow attraction.
- Love over lust. However, there can still be attraction and passion, but not without love.
- Focus on emotional growth rather than sex. Not that sex is absent – just that when it’s used, it’s necessary to the story and is (typically) off-screen, implied, happening after the story or scene has ended, or not graphically depicted.
- A meeting of the minds.
- The romantic duo is often kindred spirits.
- May include two characters so alike in spirit they become one and can sometimes feel each other (especially when in danger) from across great distances.
- Smoldering Stares
- Swoon-Worthy romantic moments (could be saving each other in non-damsel in distress fashion; i.e., the female’s not a whimpering fool though she and he can both be saved by the other).
- May include grand gestures.
- Obstacles might be keeping them apart.
- A touch of the hand is powerful.
- As is a hug. Or a dance. Or the touch of a cheek.
- Having deep conversations.
- A kiss is emotional and romantic, often with some sort of build-up.
- The male heroes ‘usually’ (definite exceptions) have old-fashioned manners of some kind (though he can still seem rude or arrogant: think of Darcy, for instance, or just plain villainous like Heathcliff, who returns like a devil in well-mannered disguise).
- Chivalry’s not dead.
- While contemporary stories should “live” in the modern-day world, old-fashioned romance is not focused heavily on modern dating trends (though some of those can still use old-fashioned elements and make the cut. You’ve Got Mail is genius!)
- The story’s typically more than just about romance. All the great love stories have other themes and subplots interweaved into the story. The romance also can’t feel like an afterthought and an add-on. Usually, romance is essential to the actual story.
- There should be a happily ever after unless it’s a romantic tragedy.
- Layered characters worth reading or watching.
- Not worried about being politically correct. Meaning characters can have all kinds of backgrounds and histories and various types of personalities and flaws – including disturbing ones. This means female characters can be more than just the “strong” female character. She can also be soft, innocent, selfish, have a troubled background, etc. Or a male character can be a Byronic Hero or incredibly dark. It’s not about “who” someone is but about how the writer/director presents the story.
- However, the male hero should not be lazy or unambitious unless a significant transformation is at work. This type of male lead is part of the problem with romances in stories today.
- Genuine, honest love with real-world problems. Helping someone overcome an addiction or working through a troubled marriage is also very romantic. Or an older man is supporting his sickly wife every day.
- That said, romance doesn’t need to be “realistic” or even necessarily “healthy.” We’re more concerned about if it’s part of a good story. Romeo and Juliet or Wuthering Heights aren’t about healthy romances, but they’re both incredible stories and engaging to read and/or watch.
- Love is about work and what you’re willing to do for someone else – so sacrifice is another common element found in old-fashioned chivalrous romance.
- Unrequited romance – meaning one-sided – is acceptable. Dickens was an expert with this type of story.
- Elements of optimism; non-cynical in its romantic approach; embraces romance unabashedly.
- Shows respect for both men and women.
- Commitment and single-minded focus.
- May include archetypal aspects of fairy tales.
- It is typically a romance of restraint. So, less explicit content minus a few artistic and genre interest exceptions. See our ABOUT and the QUESTIONS below for more details on this.
- While we love good, old-fashioned chivalrous romance, we have put a modern twist on it. We celebrate and appreciate equality and diversity.
- It is steeped in good storytelling and of high quality.
Technically, any genre can tell a story with old-fashioned chivalrous romance attached. Scully and Mulder from The X-Files are a perfect example. And sometimes (especially with TV Shows), chivalrous romance can be used in one episode and then not the next. Or in movies – in one scene but not the next.
We’re interested in discussing and promoting old-fashioned chivalrous romance in a movie, book, or show – even if it doesn’t last! However, we’re MORE interested in content that regularly explores old-fashioned chivalrous romance rather than making it the exception. Yes, BBC Period Dramas based on classic novels and K-Dramas are our kindred spirits!
What Old-Fashioned Chivalrous Romance Isn’t:
- Overly explicit – whether sexually or violently; pornographic or promoting pornography.
- Includes unnecessary nudity in a non-artistic way.
- Excessively vulgar, raunchy, profane, or crude.
- It focuses too heavily on overly modern dating tropes without being necessary to the story or thematic purpose. The contemporary dating elements of casual hookups, negative aspects of online dating (swiping left when someone isn’t good-looking enough), hanging out instead of going on dates, passive-aggressive communication, or the complete lack thereof, etc.
- Objectification of Women; Anti-women and steeped in rape culture.
- Romance is based on lust.
- Written with an antagonistic attitude toward love stories and romance.
- It lacks human connection and emotional bonds between two people.
- Doesn’t stay true to the characters.
Additional Thoughts On Old-Fashioned Chivalrous Romance
The old-fashioned chivalrous romance genre is in danger of becoming extinct in our modern entertainment. So, we aim to bring old-fashioned chivalrous romance back by promoting the stories that embrace it from the sweeping, epic romances of Titanic to the classic love stories of Jane Austen, to the unabashedly romantic international dramas, to the GOOD romantic comedies, to great literature that makes our heart skip a beat, and more. And all without continuous explicit content and crude depictions.
Old-fashioned chivalrous romance is like the butterflies you felt in your stomach when you had your first crush. Or the time you felt the wonder of first love in your heart. It makes you smile or cry and believe in true love and fairy tales and happily ever after. Old-fashioned chivalrous romance is like those times when you were a teenager and stayed up all night reading a good book because you had to know the ending. It’s about emotions and feeling things deeply and is about what’s on the inside and not the out.
Old-fashioned chivalrous romance is like the silly fantasies you had when you were a teenager of the popular guy or the pop star swooping in and asking you to the school dance. And all in grand, ridiculous fashion. (If you’ve ever wanted to watch your child-like fantasies come to life on screen – watch K-Dramas).
Yes, some may argue that old-fashioned chivalrous romance is unrealistic and, therefore, dangerous. However, we take the opposite view. Like a good fairy tale, old-fashioned chivalrous romance and depictions of soul love present an optimistic message. Even if some of these stories are “unrealistic,” they teach us something real even if presented in a fantastical setting. That love exists. And that it’s okay to embrace optimism and the joys of life and our child-like dreams even in the darkest of times.
In The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales, psychologist Bruno Bettelheim on the message/lesson of fairy tales (which old-fashioned chivalrous romance is connected to), said: “…a struggle against severe difficulties in life is unavoidable, is an intrinsic part of human existence – but that if one does not shy away, but steadfastly meets unexpected and often unjust hardships, one masters all obstacles and at the end emerges victorious.”
Fantastically said. Besides, we say, why does romance have to be dead? Can’t equality and chivalry exist side by side?
Sure, we know an immortal vampire or a Doctor in a blue box isn’t going to swoop in and save us from the ordinary hardships of life. Or believe that life is actually like a romantic comedy. But there’s nothing wrong with taking a stand and saying, “You know what? I would like to have someone open doors for me. And I would like respect and consideration and deep conversations.” It’s not unfair to ask for loyalty, honesty, real love, and, well, a little bit of romance.
And sometimes, a good old-fashioned love story is meant to be nothing more than a way to cheer us up when we’re having a hard time or a bad day!
In a modern world, good old-fashioned chivalrous romance in entertainment is often looked down upon, even though many of us secretly (or not so secretly) actually really love it. Well, we say it’s time to bring back the romance in all its glory. Everything old becomes new again, after all.
If you’re new to old-fashioned chivalrous romance or would like some good reminders or recommendations, we have compiled a list of some great examples which are a good starting point. These lists are by no means comprehensive – instead, they are just a few good examples.
A FEW EXAMPLES OF OLD-FASHIONED CHIVALROUS ROMANCE IN LITERATURE
- Any books by Jane Austen. Our personal favorites are Persuasion and Pride and Prejudice.
- Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
- North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell
- Emily of New Moon Trilogy by L.M. Montgomery
- The Grand Sophy by Georgette Heyer
- Austenland by Shannon Hale
- Edenbrooke: A Proper Romance by Julianne Donaldson
- The Ghost Bride by Yangsze Choo
- The Forgotten Garden by Kate Morton
- The Jane Austen Society by Natalie Jenner
- The Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society by Annie Barrows and Mary Ann Shaffer
As a note, several classics have old-fashioned chivalrous romance interweaved into the story. There are many more modern ones out there as well!
A FEW EXAMPLES OF OLD-FASHIONED CHIVALROUS ROMANCE IN MOVIES
- Now, Voyager
- Notorious (1946)
- Sleepless in Seattle
- You’ve Got Mail
- Strictly Ballroom
- Kate & Leopold
- Mansfield Park (1999)
- Pride and Prejudice (2005)
- An Affair to Remember
- A Walk to Remember
- Bend it Like Beckham
- Becoming Jane
- The Decoy Bride
- Cinderella (2015)
- The Lake House
- City Lights
- Tristan and Isolde
- Always (2011)
- Crazy Rich Asians
Old-fashioned chivalrous romance is easy to find in period dramas, classic films, adaptations of fairy tales, and romantic comedies. However, this is not an all comprehensive list, just a few good examples.
A FEW EXAMPLES OF OLD-FASHIONED CHIVALROUS ROMANCE IN TV SHOWS & MINISERIES
- The Master’s Sun
- The X- Files
- Doctor Who (2005) – Seasons 1-4
- Downton Abbey
- The Paradise
- I’m Sorry, I Love You (2004; a great example of old-fashioned romantic tragedy)
- Miss Fisher’s Murder Mysteries
- Grand Hotel (2013)
- Poldark (2015)
- My Love From Another Star
- Oh My Venus
- Greatest Love
- Pushing Daisies
- Anne of Green Gables & Anne of Avonlea (1985; 1987)
- North and South (2004)
- Pride and Prejudice (1995)
- Jane Eyre (2006)
- Beecham House
Many of these shows focus on old-fashioned chivalrous romance. But some shows don’t make it the focus. For example, CW’s The Originals is more about immortal vampire siblings than their love lives – even though that’s also important. The story of Klaus and Camille presents a great example of an old-fashioned romantic love story.
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
Does a film/book/show need to be a romance to be covered by you?
No. Old-fashioned chivalrous romance can be found in any category or genre. We also cover movies/shows/books/ that focus on Romanticism, which doesn’t always include a romance though they are at the least “Romantic” in spirit and influenced by Romanticism.
What if there is a sex scene in a movie or TV show? Or it’s R-Rated? Will you automatically not cover that movie, book, or TV Show?
There are reviews and articles on our website that include content with sex scenes. However, we do attempt to add a content warning. We also try not to pick films or shows with excessive or exploitative explicit content. We strive to promote love stories with less explicit content, after all. We have a “clean romance” category, but not all content is considered “clean” or wholesome.
If there are sex scenes, we aim to discuss the stories with less explicit content, minus a few exceptions. Ideally, when sex happens in a story, it’s necessary to the plot and isn’t pornographic, and instead is about human connection. We do cover content with sex in it; it’s just not erotica or excessively explicit. Romance ranges from clean to steamy (without it being pornographic).
We also consider various things. If it’s a review, we take the overall feel of a series into account. Entertainment with R-Rated content (including TV-MA or the equivalent in literature), for instance, will be more artistic and thoughtful than crude, excessively violent, or continuously explicit.
On the other hand, we likely won’t cover shows with continuous graphic sex, profanity, and violence against women.
Beyond reviews, it also depends on what type of article we’re writing. For example, if we’re writing about a romantic moment from a TV show and the series is explicit, the scene we discuss will not be graphic. We’re perfectly okay with covering that (as long as it’s not from a series we find excessively objectionable) because it’s about one standalone scene.
For more about what we cover on our site, see our ABOUT, ROMANTIC LIVING 101, and our MODERN ROMANTICISM 101 GUIDE for answers to more questions! If you have any other questions about old-fashioned chivalrous romance, please don’t hesitate to send us a message!